This monograph discusses electoral systems in Sri Lanka. With the introduction of the universal franchise in 1931, Sri Lanka is considered the oldest democracy in Asia. Since then, numerous elections have been held in Sri Lanka under different electoral and constitutional arrangements.
This monograph provides a history of the different electoral systems that have been used in Sri Lanka, explains how they have functioned and looks at the issues they have raised. It will focus mainly on the electoral systems used to elect members of a legislature and look specifically at the Sri Lankan Parliament.
The purpose of this monograph is to help Sri Lankan voters understand debates about electoral reform and contextualise the principles that underpin these debates and strengthen their knowledge for effective participation in it.
This monograph covers the following questions:
- What is an electoral system?
- What kinds of electoral systems are there?
- What electoral systems have been used in Sri Lanka?
- What is the First Past the Post (FPTP) system?
- What is the Proportional Representation (PR) system?
- What is the Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) system?
- What are the major issues around electoral reform in Sri Lanka?
- What principles should be considered for electoral reform in Sri Lanka?
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